SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION A world of scientific and instrumental challenges A unique opportunity for Sino-French collaborations

Lecturer: 
Michel Blanc, Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie (IRAP), Toulouse, France & State Key laboratory of Space Weather, NSSC, CAS, Beijing, China
Lecturer description: 
Michel Blanc is a French astronomer and planetary scientist born in 1949. After graduation at Ecole Polytechnique (1971) and Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Télécommunications (1973) in Paris, France, he started his career as “Ingénieur des Télécommunications” at the Centre de Recherche en Physique de l’Environnement”, a joint laboratory of CNET and CNRS. In 1989 he became an Astronomer at Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées (OMP), Toulouse, France. He was the director of OMP from 1988 to 1998, and of the Observatoire Astronomique de Marseille Provence (OAMP) from 2000 to 2005. From 2007 to 2012 he was the Vice-President for Research of Ecole Polytechnique in Palaiseau, France. He also served ISSI as a Discipline Scientist and ISSI-Beijing as its second Executive Director.
Michel Blanc defended his PhD at University Pierre-et-Marie Curie (Paris IV) on the study of the electrodynamics of the midlatitude ionosphere. In his PhD memoir (1980) he analysed the different modes of global disturbances of the ionosphere induced by auroral, magnetospheric and solar activity and showed that they can severely affect middle, low and equatorial latitudes during major magnetic storms. He contributed to the early studies of the auroral ionosphere using the EISCAT incoherent scatter radar in northern Scandinavia and to the design of the first multi-point study of the Earth’s magnetosphere: the CLUSTER mission of ESA. 
From 1987 he focused on the exploration of giant planets, starting with the Cassini-Huygens mission to Titan and the Saturn System: he was a member of the NASA-ESA-ASI joint study team which led the mission, before being selected by NASA as an Interdisciplinary Scientist for Magnetosphere and Plasma Science. In these capacities he has been associated to all the phases of this mission, including its flight operations from 1997 to 2017. He is also a co-proponent and co-I of NASA’s Juno mission to Jupiter (flight operations 2016-2022+). He promoted new missions to giant planets, focusing more recently on the Jupiter system as the lead proponent of “LAPLACE, a mission to Europa and the Jupiter system”, which is currently under implementation as JUICE, the first L-class mission of ESA’s Cosmic Vision programme. As a means of consolidating the involvement of the planetary science communities in Europe in ESA’s planetary missions, he contributed to the establishment of Europlanet, the European Network of Planetary Sciences of the European Union. He was his first coordinator from 2005 to 2012.
Michel Blanc is currently working at the Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie (IRAP), Toulouse, France, on Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere coupling at the different solar system planets and on the comparative study of Planetary Systems. He leads the “Planetary Exploration, Horizon 2061” foresight exercise initiated by the Air and Space Academy, Europlanet and ISSI. He also works for a fraction of his time as a Visiting Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Centre, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. 
Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Wed, 2019-03-27 15:00 - 16:00
The assembly of planets, satellites, rings, magnetospheres, small bodies, dust, gas and plasma tori that constitute altogether our Solar System form a fascinating World offered to the exploration of our space probes, in which the incredible diversity of dynamical phenomena which characterize planetary systems in general can be observed and analyzed in situ.
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远程空气激光

Lecturer: 
姚金平,上海光机所
Lecturer description: 

姚金平,中科院上海光机所研究员,主要从事强场激光物理、超快非线性光学研究。

Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Wed, 2019-03-20 15:00 - 16:00

强激光场隧穿电离空气分子可以产生高亮度的受激辐射,从而实现自由传输的“远程空气激光”。这一新的强场超快效应,对于强场分子物理基础研究以及遥感应用都具有重要意义。在应用层面,空气激光具备强度高、指向性好,可远距离传输的优点,因此打开了远程探测的新思路,在大气遥感、扫雷、核污染预警等方面都具有潜在应用。在物理层面,空气激光的产生涵盖从阿秒到皮秒近九个数量级时间尺度的多个物理过程,涉及强激光与空气分子多种物质形态的相互作用,兼备时间和光谱分辨能力,因此为强场分子物理研究提供了新探针。另外,强场电离产生的空气激光自然构建了一个电子态、振动态以及转动态全相干的量子体系,这一全相干的分子离子体系为探索极端非线性光学和量子光学的新效应、新应用提供了机会。本报告将介绍近几年来我们在该领域取得的研究进展,包括强场电离诱导的空气激光的发现、机理的研究以及应用探索。

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Complex Optical Fields: Recent Advances and Future Perspectives

Lecturer: 
Qiwen Zhan, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology
Lecturer description: 
Dr. Qiwen Zhan is Distinguished Professor of Nanophotonics at the University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Professor in Electro-Optics and Photonics, and Electrical & Computer Engineering at the University of Dayton. He received BS in Physics (optoelectronic) from the University of Science and Technology of China in 1996 and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Minnesota in 2002. He has published 1 book, 9 book chapters, more than 150 journal and conference publications, delivered many conference presentations and invited talks/lectures/seminars, and possessed 6 US patents/patent applications. Dr. Zhan is an Associate Editor for Optica, an Editorial Board Member for Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing Group), Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation (Springer-Nature), and elected Fellow of the OSA and Fellow of the SPIE.
 
Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Wed, 2019-03-13 15:00 - 16:00

Driven by their potential applications, complex optical fields with spatially tailored amplitude, phase and polarization within the cross section have drawn significant attention recently. In this talk I will review some of the latest development of this rapidly growing field of optics and offer a general overview of the current status of this field in a few areas. Particularly a time-reversal methodology for the creation of a wide variety of exotic optical focal fields with prescribed characteristics within the focal volume will be presented.

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Unlocking new physics with muons

Lecturer: 
Kim-Siang Khaw
Lecturer description: 

Born in Malaysia, Dr. Kim Siang Khaw received his B.S. from Kyoto University, M.S. from the University of Tokyo, and Ph.D. in Physics from ETH Zurich. He is currently a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Washington. In 2018, he received one of the first Fundamental Physics Innovation Awards from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the American Physical Society. He is also funded by the Universities Research Association’s Visiting Scholar Award from 2016-2019 to conduct his research in the Muon g-2 experiment at Fermilab. Currently an analysis coordinator for the precession frequency analysis in the Muon g-2 experiment, his main research interests are in precision muon and muonium physics. 

Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Wed, 2019-03-06 15:00 - 16:00
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics has been strikingly successful in explaining a wide range of physical phenomena and almost all experimental results. One of the most significant discrepancies at present is the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (muon g-2), which was measured by the E821 collaboration at BNL in 2006 to be more than three-standard-deviation greater than the SM prediction.
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Solar to Chemical Energy Conversion

Lecturer: 
Joel W. Ager, University of California Berkeley
Lecturer description: 

Joel W. Ager III is a Staff Scientist in the Materials Sciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and an Adjunct Full Professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department, UC Berkeley. He is a Principal Investigator in the Electronic Materials Program and in the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) at LBNL and in the Berkeley Educational Alliance for Research in Singapore (BEARS) where he serves as Co-Lead PI of the eCO2EP project with Cambridge University. He graduated from Harvard College in 1982 with an A.B in Chemistry and from the University of Colorado in 1986 with a PhD in Chemical Physics. After a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Heidelberg, he joined Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 1989. His research interests include the fundamental electronic and transport properties of semiconducting materials, discovery of new photoelectrochemical and electrochemical catalysts for solar to chemical energy conversion, and the development of new types of transparent conductors. Professor Ager is a frequent invited speaker at international conferences and has published over 300 papers in refereed journals. His work is highly cited, with over 27,000 citations and an h-index of 84 (Google Scholar). 

Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Wed, 2019-01-16 15:00 - 16:00

If renewable power sources such as solar and wind could be used to produce chemical precursors and/or fuels, it would provide an alternative to mankind’s currently unsustainable use of fossil fuels and slow the rate of CO2 emission into the atmosphere [1,2]. Solar to chemical energy conversion by electrochemical and photoelectrochemical processes is a potentially promising approach to address this fundamental and important challenge.

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Epitaxial transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayer – a scanning tunneling microscopic study

Lecturer: 
Maohai Xie, The University of Hong Kong
Lecturer description: 

Professor Maohai XIE received his bachelor degree in electronic engineering from Tianjin University, China, master degree in physics from Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and PhD in physics from University of London, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, UK. From June 1995 to July 1997, he was a postdoctoral research fellow at Imperial College in London. Since August 1997, he has worked in Physics Department, The University of Hong Kong as assistant, associate and full professor consecutively, and served as the head of Physics Department, HKU, since January 2017. He was also the Vice President and President of Hong Kong Physical Society from 2009 to 2013, and serves as the editor board members of Philosophical Transactions A, the Royal Society and of Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical & Engineering Sciences. Professor Xie’s research is on experimental surface and materials science, in particular on thin film growth by molecular-beam epitaxy, and surface characterization by scanning tunneling microscopy, electron diffraction, and photoelectron spectroscopy.

Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Wed, 2019-01-02 15:00 - 16:00

Transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers represent an important family of two-dimensional (2D) materials that have drawn tremendous research attention in recent years. They possess many interesting properties and hold potentials of future device applications. Currently, the majority of research works on TMDs are based on exfoliated or chemical vapor deposited samples. In this talk, I shall describe our efforts and progress in growing TMDs by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) [1].

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Progress of Super tau-charm facility (STCF) in China

Lecturer: 
彭海平,中国科学技术大学
Lecturer description: 

2004年毕业于中国科学技术大学,先后在德国同步电子辐射实验室和美国威斯康辛大学麦迪逊分校做博士后研究,参与HERA上的H1实验和大型强子对撞机(LHC)上的ATLAS实验。2012年通过中科院百人计划引进,加入到中国科学技术大学物理学院,主要从事LHC上的ATLAS实验和北京正负电子对撞机上的北京谱仪实验研究。2016年获得基金委杰青,曾担任BESIII实验组物理召集人和中方发言人等重要学术职务。

 

 

Place: 
物理楼111报告厅
date: 
Wed, 2018-12-26 15:00 - 16:00

北京正负电子对撞机BEPC和北京谱仪BES实验运行在陶-粲能区,为陶物理、粲物理、量子色动力学以及新物理的研究提供了独特的平台。在过去的30年里,北京谱仪取得了一系列重要的研究成果,得到国际粒子物理界的高度重视。

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基于LAMOST等数据的致密天体和恒星研究-进展与展望

Lecturer: 
刘继峰,国家天文台
Lecturer description: 

国家天文台首席研究员,中国科学院大学天文与空间科学学院副院长。本科毕业于北京大学,博士毕业于美国密歇根大学,其后到哈佛大学工作,历任爱因斯坦学者、哈佛大学史密松天文台PI研究员。2010年刘教授以中科院“百人计划”从哈佛大学到国家天文台工作,2011年起在国科大任岗位教授,2014年获得“国家杰出青年基金”,2015年入选科技部“中青年科技创新领军人才”, 2016年获评“全国优秀科技工作者”,2017年入选第三批“万人计划”

 

刘继峰研究员研究兴趣为致密天体和恒星的多波段观测研究。目前已在国际期刊发表学术论文六十余篇,其科研成果入选“2013年度22个中国科学家代表成果”,并入选“2015年中国十大科技进展”。201311月和201512月均以第一作者在国际顶级学术杂志《自然》发表科研成果。2013年的工作被《自然》列为新闻头条,并称之为“摘取了这个领域的圣杯”。201512月的工作被《自然》杂志称为“本领域2015年度五个重大发现之一”。其科研成果为美国、英国、德国、法国、西班牙、意大利等外媒广为关注和报导,也为中央电视台、人民日报、新华社、光明日报、科技日报等主流媒体广泛报导。

 

Place: 
物理楼111报告厅
date: 
Wed, 2018-12-12 15:00 - 16:00

致密天体和恒星的研究已经相当成熟,但是依然有许多关键性的问题没有解答。我们目前正基于我国的LAMMOST光谱巡天数据,结合其它多波段巡天数据,致力于致密天体和恒星的多波段观测研究,试图解答一些关键性问题。

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Quantifying solvation thermodynamics and structure using Local Molecular Field (LMF) Theory

Lecturer: 
John D Weeks,University of Maryland
Lecturer description: 
John D. Weeks:
Institute for Physical Science and Technology and
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
University of Maryland, College Park
 
Ph.D. University of Chicago, 1969
B.A. Harvard College, 1965
 
His research focuses on the properties of inhomogeneous and confined fluids, water in particular.
 
Awards:
Fellow, American Physical Society, 1984
Distinguished Member of Technical Staff Award, Bell Laboratories, 1985
Joel Henry Hildebrand Award, American Chemical Society, 1990
Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland, 1995 
Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2000 
Member, National Academy of Sciences, 2009 
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2012

 

Place: 
Room 111, Physics Building
date: 
Mon, 2018-12-17 15:00 - 16:00

We discuss new and ongoing work that provides a unified theoretical description for mixtures of charged and polar fluids as well as apolar Lennard-Jones (LJ) mixtures. Our initial focus is on the special case of a two component WA solution where the solute component (A) may be charged or hydrophobic and is very dilute and the solvent W is water as described by the classical SPC/E water model. There can be very interesting behavior of the AA pair correlation function from solvent (W) induced effective interactions that presents difficult problems for both simulations and theory.

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Hot Gas in and around Disk Galaxies

Lecturer: 
方陶陶,厦门大学
Lecturer description: 

方陶陶,厦门大学天文系教授,物理科学与技术学院院长兼天文系系主任。武汉大学本科,中国科技大学硕士,美国麻省理工学院博士。主要研究方向为宇宙大尺度结构、星系形成和演化。获美国 NASA Chandra Fellow、中国国家基金委杰出青年等。

Place: 
物理楼111报告厅
date: 
Wed, 2018-12-05 15:00 - 16:00

Hot gas plays a vital role in shaping galaxy formation and evolution. However, even though we live in a disk galaxy, we know very little about the distribution of this hot gas, and how it impacts the disk galaxy evolution via the so-called “circumgalactic medium”. In this talk, I will discuss several outstanding questions in this field, including problems such as the “missing galactic baryons” and “missing stellar feedback”.

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